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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Regular review

Video resources

Video resources



Good study habits involve regular review and spacing our learning. The following sections address how we can study more effectively using these strategies.
  • Why cramming doesn't work

    overwhelmed student studyingCramming is the act of studying incessantly just before a test or an exam. Cramming and procrastination are very much related. When we procrastinate and leave our studying to the very last minute, we tend to have to cram to review our material. But when we wait until the last minute to review, we tend to use rather unproductive, passive study strategies, such as:

    • Skimming or highlighting notes, rather than doing practice or recall.
    • Studying in large blocks of time without giving our brains the opportunity to digest information.
    • Staying up late and cutting into our sleep hours to get through everything, rather than getting a good night’s sleep before the exam.

    If cramming has been a regular part of our studying routine, it is important for us to reflect. Recognize why you fell behind in the first place. Was it something within your control, such as procrastination or ineffective time management? If cramming was caused by something you could control, take accountability and put a plan in place to prevent it from happening again.


    Derrington, Kate, Cristy Bartlett, and Anita Frederiks. (20 January 2021). Preparing for Exams. In N. Anderson and W. Hargreaves (Eds.), Academic Success. University of Southern Queensland. Accessed at:

  • Regular review periods throughout the term

    student reviewing contentAt the start of the term, it seems far easier to leave things to the last minute, rather than starting to prepare for tests weeks or months ahead of time. However, as the semester progresses and we delay our studying, we often realize that now we do not have enough time to work through everything we need to do. This is why it is important to start early and regularly review throughout the term.

    When reviewing content, it can be helpful to include daily, weekly, and final review sessions:

    Daily Review

    After each class, look over your notes and fill in any information you may have missed. Before each class, go over the previous week’s notes to prepare yourself.

    Weekly Review

    At the end of each week, gather together all of your class notes, summarize important concepts, and make sure that you understand the material covered that week.

    Final Review

    At least three weeks before your exam, begin extensively reviewing all course material that will likely be tested.

    Rather than trying to study everything all at once just before the exam, it is important to prioritize regular review sessions. It might feel like a lot of work upfront, but it will save you time and a whole lot of stress closer to the exam period!

    The idea of using regular review is also summarized in the image below.

    graph depicting the effectiveness of reviewing content over time

    • After reviewing our materials only once, we quickly forget the content we are trying to learn.
    • If we review the material again, ideally within the first 24 hours of learning it, we will be able to retain more of the information we are learning.
    • After reviewing the content a few more times (such as a week and a month later), we will be able to retain much more of the information, which will help us remember the content by the time the exam period comes around.
    • As you can see in the image above, look at how much more you can remember after you have studied the same material a few times, versus only reviewing it one time!

    Keep in mind, it can be very difficult for us to absorb content in a short span of time, and it is not effective to study in one big block of time. Rather, spreading out study time is better than doing it all at once, and actually aids our memory retention.

    So, if I give myself five hours to study for an exam, it is better to break it down and study a little bit each day, rather than reviewing all the information in the same five hours at one time. This will help me remember and recall the information much more effectively.


    Derrington, Kate, Cristy Bartlett, and Anita Frederiks. (20 January 2021). Preparing for Exams. In N. Anderson and W. Hargreaves (Eds.), Academic Success. University of Southern Queensland. Accessed at:

    Wadsworth, William. (15 March 2019). Ebbinghaus’ Forgetting Curve Explained: The Importance of Spaced Learning for Memory. Exam Study Expert. Accessed at: