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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

American Chemical Society (ACS) Citations

When do I use ACS Citations?

ACS Citations are used mainly in Chemistry courses. Many Ontario Tech Univeristy professors may have a preference as to their citation style, and it is important to obtain their expectations for citations and referencing.

What do ACS Citations look like?

ACS Citations have different citation styles within the block of text. All three are accepted and are publicly used.

The first involves a citation with the name and year very similar to APA and CSE styles.

(McMillan et al., 2008).

When using the name-year style, your reference list is in alphabetical order at the end of your document.

Alternate methods involve numerically relating your references to the list with superscript 12, or in parentheses and italicized (12 ).

Many bacteria and fungi show the ability to oxidize exocellular glucose and gluconic acid to 2-OGcA (12 ).

Many bacteria and fungi show the ability to oxidize exocellular glucose and gluconic acid to 2-OGcA. 12

In the numbered citations method, you list your sources in order of occurrence. This is similar to the IEEE method or the Citation-Sequence Method to the CSE Citations.

For more information, see the ACS official website: 

For more information on citation material, visit the Library website: