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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Types of Source

Video Resources

Video Resources

How to source

For more information on types of sources, watch the following videos: 

Video one: Popular, scholarly, and peer reviewed sources


Video two: The information timeline

What are primary sources?

Primary sources are comprised of data collected and published for the first time for research purposes. In other words, the author(s) have collected the information for the first time by conducting interviews, observing situations, surveying people, collecting archival data (from original documents and authentic artifacts), undertaking scientific or technical research in the lab, and so on. One common type of primary research is market research. Researchers use this research to make firsthand discoveries.

What are secondary sources?

Secondary sources interpret and analyze primary sources. Some examples of secondary sources are journal articles, textbooks and encyclopedias. Depending on the type of research project you are doing, secondary sources may be all that you need. It is important to get an idea from the assignment or your professor for what is required.