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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Overview of future times

 Verb time

Use

Form

Examples

- Simple future

- To talk about predictions (hopes, promises, etc.) for the future;

- To talk about prior plans;

- To express willingness (decisions made at the moment of speaking, but that refer to future actions).

Affirmative:

Subj. + will + verb (bare infinitive)

Subj. + be (sim. pres.) + going to + verb (bare inf.)

Researchers will investigate the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in this institution next year.

Negative:

Subj. + will not + verb (bare infinitive)

Subj. + be not (sim. pres.) + going to + verb (bare inf.)

Researchers will not investigate the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in this institution next year.

Interrogative:

Will + subject + verb (bare infinitive)

Be (simp. pres.) + subj. + going to + verb (bare inf.)

Will researchers investigate the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in this institution next year?


 

 Verb time

Use

Form

Examples

- Future progressive

- To talk about actions that will be in progress at a specific time in the future.

Affirmative:

Subject + will + be + verb + ing

Subject + be (simp. pres.) + going to + be + verb + ing

Researchers will be investigating the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in this institution next year.

Negative:

Subject + will not + be + verb + ing

Subject + be not (simp. pres.) + going to + be + verb + ing

Researchers will not be investigating the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in this institution next year.

Interrogative:

Will + subject + be + verb + ing

Be (simp. pres.) + subject + going to + be + verb + ing

Will researchers be investigating the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in this institution next year?


 

 Verb time

Use

Form

Examples

- Future perfect

- To talk about actions that will be complete before another action or time in the future.

Affirmative:

Subject + will + have + verb (past participle)

The researchers will have investigated the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in this institution for a long time when they publish their findings.

Negative:

Subject + will not + have + verb (past participle)

The researchers will not have investigated the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in this institution for a long time when they publish their findings.

Interrogative:

Will + subject + have + verb (past participle)

Will the researchers have investigated the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in this institution for a long time when they publish their findings?


 

 Verb time

Use

Form

Examples

- Future perfect progressive

- To talk about the duration of actions that will be in progress before another action or time in the future.

Affirmative:

Subject + will + have + been + verb + ing

 

 

Researchers will have been investigating the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in this institution for years when they publish their findings.

Negative:

Subject + will not + have + been + verb + ing

Researchers will not have been investigating the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in this institution for long when they publish their findings.

Interrogative:

Will + subject + have + been + verb + ing

Will researchers have been investigating the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions in this institution for long when they publish their findings?

 

Notes:

The examples used were adapted from Galante et al. (2018).

For timelines that illustrate the use of the different verb tenses, please refer to http://www.eslcharts.com/verb-tenses-chart.html

 

References:

Azar, B. S.; & Hagen, S. A. (2009). Understanding and Using English Grammar (4th ed.). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall Regents.

Galante, J.; Dufour, G.; Vainre, M.; Wagner, A; Stochl, J.; Benton, A. (2018). A mindfulness-based intervention to increase resilience to stress in university students (the Mindful Student Study): a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Public Health. 3(2), pp.72-81. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(17)30231-1