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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Citations

Video Resources

Video Resources

How to use IEEE citations

For more information on how to use IEEE citations, watch the following video: 

Where do I use IEEE?

The IEEE method of documentation is used in many engineering, science, and software or programming courses. Always confirm with your professor what documentation method is required.

What does IEEE look like?

IEEE citations use a number within square brackets that corresponds to a source on your references list. Your sources are listed in the references list in the order that they are used in the assignment. The first citation used is listed as [1]. The following citations are listed in the order used, such as [2], [3], [4]. If you use a citation twice, simply use the corresponding number again (do not give it a new number). For example, the in-text references may read as [1], [2], [3], [4], [1], [4]. Place the citation exactly where the reference occurs, even if it is mid-sentence. Unlike other styles, the IEEE reference lists sort the references numerically (in the order used) not alphabetically. IEEE reference pages also use abbreviations (e.g., abbrev. of Publisher, abbrev. of Month, abbrev. of State, etc.); for common abbreviations, check the IEEE Reference Guide, section IV.

For more information on IEEE, view the official website for the IEEE Editorial Style Manual and the IEEE Reference Guide.

For additional material for creating citations, visit the Library website or these helpful resources: