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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

APA 7th Edition: Formatting

The Title Page

The title page of your assignment should contain:

  • a running head: abbreviated title in capitals and flush left on the header of the page. In APA 7th edition, a running head is only required for publication papers, but some professors may request that you insert a running head in your university paper. The running head should be up to 50 characters with spaces long;
  • the page number: flush right on the header of the page;
  • the title of the paper: bold and centred; three or four lines down from top margin; each word begins with a capital letter (Title Case);
  • the author's name: centred; one blank double-spaced line down from title;
  • the institutional affiliation: centred.

The title page may also include the course code and name, the instructor name, and the due date, in this order, centred.

The Headings

Long papers usually have headings that separate one section from another. In APA there can be five level headings:

Level of heading



                               Centered, Bold, Title Case Heading


Flush left, Bold, Title Case Heading


Flush left, Bold Italic, Title Case Heading


          Indented, Bold, Title Case Heading, Ending with a Period.


          Indented, Bold Italic, Title Case Heading, Ending with a Period.

What determines the level of a heading is its organization within the main structure of the paper. A main section in your paper will have a first-level heading while a subsection of that section will have a second-level heading and so on.

Font, Size, and Spacing

In APA you should use double spacing throughout your paper. Fonts and sizes can be:

  • 10-point Lucida Sans Unicode.
  • 11-point Calibri, Arial, or Georgia.
  • 12-point Times New Roman.

The Reference Pages

The information included in the referencing entries varies according to the type of publication being referenced, but in general a reference entry should contain the author name, the date of the publication, the title of the work, and the source of the work, formatted with hanging indentation. The references are listed in alphabetical order considering the first piece of information in each entry: the author’s last name. For more information on reference pages, go to the APA Referencing page.


American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).

APA Style Blog.

Batista, F. C. A. (2020). Can sociodramatic play enhance second language development? TESL Ontario Contact Magazine, 46(1), 44-51.

Ontario Tech University Library. APA Citation Style Guide.

Purdue OWL. APA Sample Paper.