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Now, it is time to be even more meticulous than in the revision stage. Proofreading is all about searching your writing for errors, both grammatical and typographical, before submitting your paper. It is checking for the unintentional errors in content, structure, and presentation.

  • Before you proofread, take a break. If you proofread after spending all day on your document, you will miss many errors.

  • Proofread slowly. You may miss errors if you rush.

  • Check for spelling errors by reading from right to left. You will see each word this way.


  • If you use your computer's spellchecker, you still need to proofread. A spellchecker will not catch words that are spelled correctly, but are the wrong word for the context.
  • Read out loud to catch minor errors.
  • Get someone else to read it.


  • Everything you wrote made sense to you when you were writing, but it might not make sense to someone else who has not read all the research. You know what you meant to say, but did it come out the way you intended?
  • Go over your paper and double check for common errors.