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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

American Institute of Physics (AIP) Citations

When do I use AIP Citations?

AIP citations are used mainly in Physics courses. Many Ontario Tech University professors may have a preference as to the citation style they want you to use, thus it is important to clarify their expectations for citations and referencing.

What do AIP Citations look like?

AIP Citations often use numerical citations directly within the text, as a superscript 4. Following this method is a reference list which has the sources listed in order of occurrence. In some cases, it is permissible to use the Name-Year style, similar to the APA method; however, this is very uncommon.

AIP references are also very brief and use many abbreviations when describing titles of journals. Meet with your professor before using these abbreviations to ensure they are acceptable.

Citing Different Forms of Work

There are different ways for citing the work used according to AIP. View the official website to download its style guide: AIP Style Guide

For more information on citation material, visit the Library website: