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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Apostrophe Usage

Writers may forget to use apostrophes or may use them incorrectly. Apostrophes are used to (a) indicate possession or ownership and (b) to form a contraction. If the noun is singular, place the apostrophe before the “s”. If the noun is plural, the apostrophe is placed after the “s”.


Make the noun plural first and then show possession.

  • Incorrect: I borrowed Jordans book before the test.
  • Correct: I borrowed Jordan’s book before the test.
  • Incorrect: I copied Susans’ notes from class.
  • Correct: I copied Susan’s notes from class.
  • Incorrect: There are many students cars illegally parked in the neighbouring subdivision.
  • Correct: There are many students’ cars illegally parked in the neighbouring subdivision.
  • Incorrect: Susans going to the store for me.
  • Correct: Susan’s going to the store for me.
  • Correct: Susan is going to the store for me.


For more information, view the Apostrophe Tip Sheet.