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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing

There are many ways to incorporate another writer’s work within your own assignments such as:


A quote is the exact wording of the source material (either written or spoken). Quotes are word-for-word, or identical, to the original source.


A paraphrase is a detailed restatement in your own words of the source material. This must includechanges in organization, wording, and sentence structure, but the paraphrase should be nearly identical in meaning to the original message. It should also be nearly the same length as the original passage and present the details of the original source.


A summary is a condensed restatement of the original material. Similar to paraphrasing, summarizing involves using your own words and writing style to express another writer’s ideas. Unlike a paraphrase, which presents important details, a summary presents only the most essential ideas from the original text. Summarizes will be much shorter than the original text.

It is important to use evidence to support the arguments made in an assignment. When a writer uses research in their writing, it is sometimes difficult to decide what should be quoted versus what should be paraphrased or summarized. It is beneficial to know the difference between quotations, paraphrases and summaries and when to use which in the text.