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Example IEEE References


J.K. Author, “Title of chapter in the book,” in Title of His Published Book, xth ed. City of Publisher, (only U.S. State), Country: Abbrev. of Publisher, year, ch. x, sec. x, pp. xxx–xxx.


R.L. Myer, “Parametric oscillators and nonlinear materials,” in Nonlinear Optics, vol. 4, P. G. Harper and B. S. Wherret, Eds. San Francisco, CA, USA: Academic, 1977, pp. 47–160.

Conference Paper

J.K. Author, “Title of paper,” presented at the Abbreviated Name of Conf., City of Conf., Abbrev. State, Country, Month and day(s), year, Paper number.


D. Caratelli, M. C. Viganó, G. Toso, and P. Angeletti, “Analytical placement technique for sparse arrays,” presented at the 32nd ESA Antenna Workshop, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, Oct. 5–8, 2010.


Author, “Title.” (Date, Year). Distributed by Publisher/Distributor. (or if DOI is used, end with a period)


S. Ansolabehere, M. Palmer, and A. Lee. “Precinct-level election data. V1.” January 20, 2014. Distributed by Harvard Election Data Archive. UNF:5:5C9UfGjdLy2ONVPtgr45qA==



Name of Manual/Handbook, x ed., Abbrev. Name of Co., City of Co., Abbrev. State, year, pp. xxx-xxx.


 Motorola Semiconductor Data Manual, Motorola Semiconductor Products Inc., Phoenix, AZ, USA, 1989.


J.K. Author. (Year). Title of lecture [Type of Medium]. Available: URL


Yardish. Tumbling past data [Online]. Available:


J.K. Author, “Title of patent,” Country Patent Number, Abbrev. Month, day, year.


J.P. Wilkinson, “Nonlinear resonant circuit devices,” U.S. Patent 3 624 125, Jul. 16, 1990.


J.K. Author, “Name of paper,” Abbrev. Title of Periodical, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx, Abbrev. Month, year, doi: xxx (if applicable).


M.M. Chiampi and L. L. Zilberti, “Induction of electric field in human bodies moving near MRI: An efficient BEM computational procedure,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., vol. 58, pp. 2787–2793, Oct. 2011, doi: 10.1109/TBME.2011.2158315.


J.K. Author, “Title of report,” Abbrev. Name of Co., City of Co., Abbrev. State, Country, Rep. xxx, (optional: vol/issue), year. Accessed: Date. [Online]. Available: site/path/file


J. Hijmans and J. van Etten, “Raster: Geographic analysis and modeling with raster data,” R Package Version 2.0-12, Jan. 12, 2012. [Online]. Available:


Title of Software. (version or year), Publisher Name. Accessed: Date (when applicable). [Type of Medium]. Available: site/path/file 


Antenna Products. (2011). Antcom. Accessed: Feb. 12, 2014. [online]. Available:  


Title of Standard, Standard number, Corporate author, location, date.


Parameter Values for Ultra-High Definition Television Systems for Switzerland, Production and International Programme  Exchange, Rec. ITU-R BT.2020-2, International Telecommunications Union, Geneva, Switzerland, Oct. 2015.


First Name Initial(s) Last Name. “Page Title.” Website Title. Web Address (retrieved Date Accessed).


J. Smith. “Obama inaugurated as President.” (accessed Feb. 1, 2009).


For more information, reference examples and other source-type reference formats, view the official website for the  IEEE Editorial Style Manual and the  IEEE Reference Guide

For additional material for creating citations, visit the Library website or these helpful resources: