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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

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APA 7th Edition: Referencing

Video Resources

Video Resources

How to use APA referencing

For more information, watch these videos on APA referencing:

Video one: Getting started

Video two: Reference lists

Video three: Books and ebooks

Video four: Edited book chapters

Video five: Webpages

Video six: Journal articles 

Video seven: Referencing workshop

References
American Psychological Association. (2019). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). American Psychological Association.

APA Style Blog. https://blog.apastyle.org/

Ontario Tech University Library. APA Citation Style Guide. https://guides.library.ontariotechu.ca/citation

Purdue OWL. APA Sample Paper. https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/apa_sample_paper.html

The information you must include in the referencing entries will vary depending on the type of source being referenced. In general, a reference entry will contain the author’s name, the date of the publication, the title of the work, and the source of the work.  Depending on the source, there are several specificities that may be required.

Below are different formats and examples of common sources you may reference in assignments.

Books (section 10.2 and 10.3)

Note that for book references, you will begin by noting all of the authors in order of appearance by providing their last name followed by first and middle name initials as given. Following, the year of publication is given in parentheses followed by a period. Next comes the title in italic, ending in a period. Last comes the publisher.

Books with a single author: Author’s Last Name, First Initial. (Year of Publication). Title (edition). Publisher.

            Achterberg, J. (1985). Imagery in healing. Shambhala Publications.

Books with two authors: Author’s Last Name, First Initial., & Author’s Last Name, First Initial. (Year of Publication). Title (edition). Publisher

            Myers, D. G., & Dewall, C. N. (2015). Psychology (11th ed.). Worth Publishers.

Books with three authors: Author’s Last Name, First Initial., Author’s Last Name, First Initial., & Author’s Last Name. (Year of Publication). Title (edition). Publisher.

Fritzon, K., Brooks, N., & Croom, S. (2020). Corporate psychopathy: Investigating destructive personalities in the workplace. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Chapter in an Edited Book: Author’s Last Name, Initial. (Year of Publication). Title of Chapter. In Editor’s Name, Title of the Book (page range). Publisher.

Bazin, A. (2000). Adaption, or the Cinema as Digest. In J. Naremore (Ed.), Film Adaption (pp. 19-27). Rutgers University Press.

Journal Articles (section 10.1)

For journal article references, you will begin by noting all of the authors in order of appearance by providing their last name followed by first and middle name initials as given. Next, the year of publication is given in parentheses followed by a period. Then, the title of the article will appear in sentence case—meaning the first word is capitalized and all others are lowercase—and ending in a period. The journal in which the article was published will follow in italicized font followed by a comma, the volume number, and the issue number in parentheses, ending in a comma. The page range for the journal article comes next ending in a period. The last item will be the digital objective identifier (DOI) or the URL.

Journal article with a single author: Author’s Last Name, First Initial. (Year of Publication).  Title. Journal, Volume(issue), page range. DOI or URL

Holden-Lund, C. (1988). Effects of relaxation with guided imagery on surgical stress and wound healing. Research in Nursing & Health, 11(4), 235-244. http://doi.org/dztcdf

Journal article with two authors: Author’s Last Name, First Initial., & Author’s Last Name, First Initial. (Year of Publication).  Title. Journal, Volume(issue), page range. DOI or URL

Gritzalis, D., & Tejay Gurvirender. (2013). Cybercrime in the Digital Economy - Editorial. Computers & Security, 38, 1-2. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cose.2013.08.002

Journal article with three authors: Author’s Last Name, First Initial., Author’s Last Name, First Initial., & Author’s Last Name. (Year of Publication).  Title. Journal, Volume(issue), page range. DOI or URL

Biederman, J., Mick, E., & Faraone, S. V. (1998). Depression in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) children: “True” depression or demoralization? Journal of Affective Disorders, 47(1), 113–122. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0165-0327(97)00127-4

Course Material (section 10.14)

Lecture slides: Presenter’s Last Name, First Initial. (Date). Title of session. [PowerPoint slides]. Name of learning management system. URL if available

Harel, J. (2022, January 25). White-collar crime: The definitional conundrum [PowerPoint slides]. Canvas@Ontario Tech University. https://learn.ontariotechu.ca/?login

Lecture or Lecture note: Presenter’s Last Name, First Initial. (Date). [Lecture notes on XXX]. Faculty, University. URL if available.

Emeno, K. (2022, May 16). [Lecture notes on the biology of mind (Chapter 2)]. Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ontario Tech University. https://learn.ontariotechu.ca/?login

Websites (section 10.16)

Website references begin with the author’s last name and first name initial or the group name/affiliation that created the content. Following, the date of publication should be provided in parentheses giving the year, month, and day. If no date is given, indicate by writing “n.d.” instead (see the first website example below). Next, provide the title of the page or content being referenced ending in a period. The website host comes next, ending with the URL for the page.

Website with author: Author’s Last Name, First Initial. (Year, Month Day). Title of page. Website Host. URL

Azma, S. (n.d.). How science communication can improve your career. Neuronline. https://neuronline.sfn.org/outreach/how-science-communication-can-improve-your-career

Website with group author: Group Name. (Year, Month Day). Title of page. Website Host. URL

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022, June 24). Keep your cool in hot weather! https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/features/extremeheat/index.html

For additional support, check out the APA Style Blog resources on Reference Lists: