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Incorporating Sources into your Writing

Video Resources

Video Resources

How to integrate sources

For more information on incorporating sources into your work, watch the following video by Lund University:

When writing, it is important to properly incorporate sources into the paragraph; otherwise, the sources (quotations, paraphrases, or summaries) appear as though they have been dropped into the writing.

In order to properly support a piece of evidence in the writing, the writer must introduce the evidence (by providing a lead-in), write in the piece of evidence (quotation, paraphrase, or summary) and explain the evidence in relation to the overall issues, arguments or ideas in the writing.

1. Lead-in:

  • one quarter the length of the quotation, paraphrase, summary.
  • explain source background or credibility.

2. Quotation/paraphrase/summary:

  • make it as long as necessary.
  • make sure you include the most essential elements.
  • a quotation or paraphrase should only provide evidence or support your point, not make a point for you.

3. Explanation of quotation/paraphrase/summary:

  • twice as long as the cited material.
  • explanation must apply the source to the argument of the paper.

 For more guidance on incorporating sources, download the Integrating Research tip sheet.