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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Incorporating Sources into your Writing

When writing, it is important to properly incorporate sources into the paragraph; otherwise, the sources (quotations, paraphrases, or summaries) appear as though they have been dropped into the writing.

In order to properly support a piece of evidence in the writing, the writer must introduce the evidence (by providing a lead-in), write in the piece of evidence (quotation, paraphrase, or summary) and explain the evidence in relation to the overall issues, arguments or ideas in the writing.

1. Lead-in:

  • one quarter the length of the quotation, paraphrase, summary
  • explain source background or credibility

2. Quotation/Paraphrase/Summary:

  • make it as long as necessary
  • make sure you include the most essential elements
  • a quotation or paraphrase should only provide evidence or support your point, not make a point for you

3. Explanation of Quotation/Paraphrase/Summary:

  • twice as long as the cited material
  • explanation must apply the source to the argument of the paper