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The Important Joining Words

Video resources

Video resources

More on joining words

For more information on the importance of joining words and how to use them, watch this video from York University:


In English, the most commonly used conjunctions (or joining words) are: 
  • and 
  • although
  • as
  • because
  • but
  • if
  • or
There are a number of other important conjunctions that you can use. These can be put into categories of time, place, or agreement:
  • TIME
    • before 
    • after
    • until
    • since
    • when
    • whenever
    • while
For example:
  • We all went home before a fight broke out.
  • She went to bed after she put the cat out.
  • There will be no peace until somebody says that they are sorry.
  • It has not been the same around here since our friends moved away.
  • They put the television off when the program had finished.
  • He washes his new car whenever it gets dirty.
  • The children go to the crèche while Mum goes to work.
    • where
For example: 

Remember that restaurant where you ate a huge steak.

    • though
    • although
    • whether
For example:
  • He could play the violin though he was only five years old.
  • I would invite you to come in although the place is a mess.
  • It was a great show whether you wanted to join in or just watch.


  • Try to avoid using the same conjunction over and over again. It is much better to 'mix and match'.
  • The conjunction you use can change the meaning of the sentence. You cannot use every conjunction everywhere - so choose wisely!
For more on joining words, see the Tip Sheets on Connecting Words and Transitions Signals, The Important Joining Words, and Five Useful Ways to Join Words.