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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

American Psychological Association (APA) 6th Edition: Introduction

Many disciplines including psychology, the health sciences, and social sciences use American Psychological Association (APA) style for documentation and formatting. Professors teaching other subjects may also require APA referencing style.

The APA Publication Manual provides rules for citing (or referencing) sources of information within the text of your essay and the proper format for the list of references at the end of the essay. For all essays and reports, you will be required to document (i.e., acknowledge) all the sources of information you have used. Although common knowledge does not need a citation, when in doubt always provide the citation.


APA style requires in-text citations (i.e., acknowledgement of your source embedded in the text of your essay) AND a list of references at the end of your essay.

Always confirm with your professor what citation and referencing style is required. For full information about APA style, see the website: